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Comparing Gioioso for two and for three

Katherine Davies
March 2015

Part of a project to compare 15th century Italian dances which exist in versions for different numbers of people, danced to the same music.


Gioioso in tre is a straightforward variation on Rostiboli Gioioso. They can be danced successfully to the same music at the same time. The steps for Gioioso in tre are minimally different (one small variation in the bassadanza section), and the figures are often similar, or differ in predicatable ways. The structure and phrasing are identical.

Having learned Rostiboli Gioioso, it's easy to add Gioioso in tre. 

Initial positions
  Two people Three people
Genders man-woman  man-woman-man
Starting position standing side by side, holding ordinary hands standing side by side, holding ordinary hands 
Repeat man and woman change sides, and leading role, for repeat men switch places (and roles) for repeat; woman (in middle) person still leads


Steps and Figures
Steps  Figures   
Two people Three people  Two people Three people Misura (music)
pair of riprese  riprese to left and right, standing side by side  bassadanza
2 sempii 2 doppii 

man leaves, then returns; woman leaves, then returns OR

man leaves, leaves more; woman follows, woman catches up

person in middle circles person on one end, then on the other end THEN

people on ends change places, then change back

2 sempii 3 doppii

2 sempii, 1 doppio


advance together advance together

middle person: 2 ripresa

end people: 2 doppii turning right

middle person moves side to side while end people turn in place, "dumb-bell figure"
voltatonda (volta del Gioioso)  turn in place, side by side 
saltarello for 16 tempi  unspecified (advance together? free?)  saltarello
movimenti  man, then woman responds middle, then end people respond piva
doppio   man leaving, or woman catching up middle leaving, or end people catching up